Foreign Policy

‘Homeland’ Shows The Real-Life Risk Of False Narratives In Times Of Crisis

How will we be able to trust -- and check -- a president who is indifferent to the truth?

The current season of the television show Homeland may be offering a glimpse of things to come in the real world. It isn’t pretty.

The show centers around the Iran Nuclear Deal. In 2015, the United States, five other countries and the European Union reached an agreement with Iran that was designed to avoid military conflict by delaying, if not forever preventing, Iran from developing a nuclear weapon.

The Homeland story line revolves around the question of whether Iran is cheating on the deal. Answering that question requires the characters to separate fact from fiction in a world where truth can get lost in a fog of deception and manipulation perpetrated by parties with ulterior motives.

The stakes are high. Either sanity or war will win the day.

The President Elect about to take office is a smart, moderately dovish woman with a keen nose for political game playing. She’s in no hurry to put the U.S. on a war footing with Iran unless the evidence of Iran’s cheating on the nuclear deal is unimpeachable.

Smart and savvy as the President Elect may be, she is not entirely immune from the machinations of Dar Adal, a CIA black ops guy. Adal is conspiring with the Israelis in a false-flag operation to manufacture evidence that Iran is cheating on the deal. He’s trying to create a phony narrative that will drive the incoming President to go to war with Iran.

The forever virtuous dynamic duo of CIA operative Saul Berenson and ex-CIA agent Carrie Mathison are digging for the truth. With a back channel to the head of Iranian intelligence, Saul is trying to unravel the web of misdirection spun by Adal. Carrie is helping Saul when she is not otherwise preoccupied with sheltering a former CIA colleague who has been severely impaired by a sarin attack, trying to keep social services from taking her daughter away from her, and generally dealing with her bipolar disorder. Phew! And you think you have problems!

Does any of this sound familiar? Set aside Carrie’s personal struggles. Much of the rest of the Homeland story line hits disturbingly close to home.

The real-life administration of Donald Trump at some point will have to find its own answer to the question of whether Iran is cheating on the nuclear deal. The wrong answer to that question could lead us into a disastrous and unnecessary military adventure.

False narratives have already taken us there twice in recent history.

In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, providing legal cover for President Lyndon Johnson to go to war against North Vietnam. The resolution was triggered by two supposed military confrontations with the North Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin. It turned out that one of those incidents never happened, and the other was at best grossly exaggerated, probably deliberately so. Over 50,000 American lives were lost in the Vietnam war, which is widely regarded as the most stunning military defeat in our nation’s history.

The United States went to war again on a phony premise in 2003 when President Bush invaded Iraq. The primary rationale for the invasion was that Iraq had supposedly amassed a stockpile of weapons of mass destruction that posed an immediate threat to the United States and its allies. To this day, no evidence has been found to support the claim that Iraq had such weapons. Nearly 5,000 American lives were lost. Total deaths are estimated to have been around half a million. The war inflamed the entire Muslim world, and was probably the single most direct cause of the founding and rise of ISIS.

The Vietnam and Iraq wars prove that the risk of being lured by a false narrative into a disastrous war is achingly real. It’s history, not fiction. And the stakes are, of course, staggering.

So we have to be able to trust in the truth of any narrative that could lead us into a war. That means we must be able to believe the President of the United States and those around him in times of crisis.

For that reason, and many others, Donald Trump’s mendacity about matters big and small cannot be treated as a joke or a distraction. His lack of credibility poses a real danger.

It is not far-fetched to suppose that one day Trump may attempt to justify military action against Iran on the grounds that they are cheating on the nuclear deal. If that happens, will we believe him? Or will we be justly suspicious that the accusation of cheating by Iran has been manufactured by real life zealots like the fictional Dar Adal?

There will be no shortage of Iran-hating Dar Adal wannabes whispering exaggerations and outright lies in Trump’s ear. Michael Flynn, Rudy Guiliani, Steve Bannon and Stephen Miller could all step into the Dar Adal role. And these are the guys Trump really listens to.

Nor will there be any difficulty casting the Israeli role. Bibi Netanyahu will play, well, Bibi Netanyahu.

The real question is whether there’s anybody who can step into the roles of Saul and Carrie to provide an effective check against Trump’s dishonesty.

The most likely candidate for the role is probably the straight-shooting Secretary of Defense, James Mattis. We can count on Mattis to keep Trump honest and guide us toward the truth, can’t we?

Maybe not.

Remember the last time we relied on a straight-shooting military man for assurance that we weren’t being lured by a false narrative into an unnecessary war? In 2003, Secretary of State Colin Powell, a four-star General with an impeccable resume, set the world straight on Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction. Straight into war.

Nor can we look to Congressional Republicans to play the role of truth seekers.

The Republicans are enablers of Trump’s mendacity, not a check on it. The Republican establishment gets no serious heartburn from Trump’s serial lying. They laugh it off and sweep it under a rug of euphemism. Trump isn’t a liar, he has a “unique personal style” of communicating. He’s just “expressing frustration.” And you can’t hold him accountable for lying because he’s a “neophyte” in politics who “doesn’t have 27 lawyers and staff looking at what he does.” Take him “seriously,” but not “literally.”

Democrats can’t play that role either, because they have no power to change anything. Whatever they say or do is dismissed as sour grapes over a lost election.

So, is there a real Saul or Carrie out there? Will anybody be in our corner, searching for and exposing the truth?

Hopefully, yes. Maybe the press can do it.

Right now, a determined, unafraid, and free press may be all we have to expose Trump’s dishonesty and thwart his most ill-conceived adventures. That’s why Trump and his loyalists are working day and night to discredit the press as biased and “fake.”

The press can’t let him do that. They have to call a lie a lie. If Trump lies every day, they have to call him out every day. They can’t be worn down. If they have to tell the same story every night, so be it. And they can’t be cowed by fear that they will be accused of bias.

Somebody has to expose falsehood and demand allegiance to the facts. Carrie and Saul won’t be there to do it for us. They are, after all, just characters on a television show.

This is real.

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